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Likelihood Ratio (LR) in Emergency Medicine


Pleuritic Pain, the end of the saga...

Clinical Scenario

A 33 y/o woman, comes to the ED because of a sudden emithorax pain on the left in basal region. The pain is described as stabbing, well localized, it worsen with inspirium …a pleuritic pain, no cough, no fever, not hemoptysis. She smokes, she does not take any medication. 
Chest x ray is normal. You receive blood test: WBC 7.500/mcL, CRP 20 mg/dl , D-dimer 603 ng/ml

We have seen in the previous post that we can’t rule out the possibility to find a radio-occult lesion based on our blood test, but on the other hand specificity is poor, so what are we looking for?
What does pleuritic pain means? 
If you ask wikipedia… the answer is frightful…

What if you ask to your probe?